Sonographic Assessment of PCOS Infertility in Women


  • Sana Waqar Yousaf University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging Technologies (UREMIT), Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, (FAHS), the University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan



PCOS, Ultrasonography, Infertility


PCOS are the major source of infertility in women all over the world. This pattern is common in young women. Objective: To find the primary gravidity in women having polycystic ovarian disease by Ultrasonography assessment. Methods: In this systematic review data published by Google Scholar, Medline, science direct, pub med, and the obsgyn online library that was requested to be published between 2004 and 2016 using certain MeSH terms. In this methodical study composition, we analyzed 10 cross-sectional studies for the collection of data. Results: 10 studies conducted between the years 2004 to 2016 were included in this systematic review. The total sample size was 1863 women age between 18 and 45 years. In this study, Ovulatory Disorders are the major leading cause of infertility in women. Polycystic ovarian disease is related with 75% of the causes of ovulatory infertility. The infertility range is 2 to 5%. Polycystic ovarian disease is the commonest endocrine disorder, affecting 6.6% to 8% of the women of child bearing age. Half of women with polycystic ovarian disease are obese. Hirsutism, menstrual irregularities, acne and gravidity have been shown to be the most depressing symptoms in adults with PCOS. Ultrasound is the only modality for the diagnosis of PCOS, Polycystic morphology revealed the existence of follicle measuring 2 to 9 mm in diameter. The sight of less than and equal to ≥ 12 follicles are seen in each ovary, full number of follicle per ovary scaling 2 to 9 mm in fringe and accelerated ovarian volume is about greater than three centimetre per cube (> 10 cm3). Conclusions: From this methodical review, we conclude that ovulatory stimulation is a major cause of major gravidity. PCOS is associated with 75% of the causes of an ovulatory. PCOS are the commonest endocrine disorder, influence 6.6 to 8% of the women at child bearing age. On ultrasound the sight is less than and equal to 12 follicles are seen in each ovary measuring 2 to 9 mm in diameter with the volume of greater than ten centimetre per cube (>10 cm3).


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v5i8.264
Published: 2022-08-31

How to Cite

Yousaf, S. W. . (2022). SONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF PRIMARY INFERTILITY IN WOMEN HAVING PCOS: Sonographic Assessment of PCOS Infertility in Women . Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(8), 03–06.



Review Article