Knee osteoarthritis: A systematic Review on different Exercise therapy Interventions on K.A.M
Different Exercise Therapy Interventions on K.A.M
Keywords:Alignment, Exercise Interventions, Knee osteoarthritis, Knee Adduction Movement.
Exercise therapy can be part of a conservative treatment plan for knee osteoarthritis. Knee adduction moments (KAMs) are thought to be reduced with exercise therapy. A large study looked at exercise therapy's effect on KAM and other physical factors in persons with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Searches were performed on the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, and OpenGrey. Study participants with knee osteoarthritis undergoing structured exercise therapy were randomized controlled trials. For every study, we conducted independent analyses to extract data and analyze the bias risks. We calculated the mean differences and 95% confidence intervals for each outcome. Results: In the three studies that involved 233 participants, there were no significant differences in KAMs between intervention and control groups. Two of the studies observed improvements in physical function after exercise therapy and one of them demonstrated significant reductions in pain. All three trials favor the intervention group in terms of muscle strength and torque. Conclusions: A change in knee adduction time was not associated with the therapeutic benefits of exercise therapy. Exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis may not be effective if there is no momentary adduction. Dynamic joint loading may result from a shift in neuromuscular control after exercise therapy
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