Recent Progress on Carotenoids Production from Microalgae: A review

Progress in Carotenoids Production from Microalgae

Authors

  • Mariam Waseem Department of Biotechnology, Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i10.811

Keywords:

Carotenoids, Microalgae, Lipochromes, Food colorant, β-carotene

Abstract

The color of fruits and green vegetables is attributed to a pigment known as carotenoids. On the basis of presence and absence of oxygen, carotenoids are divided into two categories; carotenes which do not contain oxygen and xanthophylls which are oxygen carrier. Carotenoids are not only good anti-oxidant agents; they also exhibit anti-tumor properties. The structure of carotenoids consists of eight isoprene units, which forms a chain consisting of conjugated double bonds. The presence of conjugated double bond in carotenoids neutralize free radicals by accepting electrons from them. Till now, most of the carotenoids commercially available are produced chemically however, microalgae are a good source of carotenoids. Microalgae can produce the carotenoids in abundance using two-stage cultivation strategies. In first phase, microalgae are given with optimal growth conditions for maximum production of biomass, on the other hand, keeping the second phase for the storage of lipids or carotenoids in unfavorable conditions. The production of carotenoids in two-stage approach is increased by many times than the conventional single phase cultivation method. Carotenoids have many industrial applications.

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Published

2022-10-31

How to Cite

Waseem, M. . (2022). Recent Progress on Carotenoids Production from Microalgae: A review : Progress in Carotenoids Production from Microalgae. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(10), 14–18. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i10.811

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Review Article