Factors Responsible for Non Participation in Sports Among Transgender. A Cross Sectional Approach

Factors Responsible for Non Participation in Sports Among Transgender

Authors

  • Muhammad Jamil Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Alamgir Qureshi Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  • Shireen Bhatti College Education Department, Govt of Sindh
  • Muhammad Waqas Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Soniha Aslam Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Rafiq Qambrani Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Akram Ansari Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Javed Ali Soomro Center for Physical Education, Health and Sports Sciences, University of Sindh, Sindh, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i5.409

Keywords:

Transgender, Sports, Cross Sectional

Abstract

Transgenders are not actively participating in sports in Pakistan. There may be many factors and barriers involved for their non-participation Objective: To investigate the factors responsible for the non -participation of transgender in sports. Methods: Cross-sectional approach was applied for the collection of required data. Snowball sampling technique for the selection of purposive sampling was applied. Appropriate questionnaire was prepared and used for data collection from a sample of (n=118) individuals with mean age 16 years. Feasibility of the questionnaire was obtained with the help of pilot testing by selecting 30 individuals. Results: The analyzed data have shown that almost all transgender have agreed upon the importance of sports in their lives. At the same time, the results have shown that different factors such as governmental, societal and personal significantly contributing for their non-participation in sports (0.024 < 0.05, 007 < 0.05 & 0.009 < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the study indicated a viewpoint of the transgender that describes sports as one of the important means for getting recreation and satisfaction. Given this stance, one might expect that transgender would experience discomfort while participation in sports. However, the research findings do not reveal any deleterious effect of sports participation in light of the views of transgender.

References

Sharma S K. Hijras: The labelled deviance. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House 2000.

Winter S.Transgender Asia. Retrieved June 21, 2004 from http://web.hku.hk /~sjwinter/TransgenderAsia/index.htm

Conway L. How frequently does transsexualism occur. Retrieved May. 2002; 3:2009.

Jones BA, Arcelus J, Bouman WP, Haycraft E. Sport and Transgender People: A Systematic Review of the Literature Relating to Sport Participation and Competitive Sport Policies. Sports Med. 2017 Apr;47(4):701-716. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0621-y.

Coleman E, Bockting W, Botzer M, Cohen-Kettenis P, DeCuypere G, Feldman J, et al. Standards of care for the health of transsexual, transgender, and gender-nonconforming people, version 7. International journal of transgenderism. 2012 Aug 1;13(4): 165-232.doi.org/10.1080/15532739.2011.700873

Bouman WP, Claes L, Brewin N, Crawford JR, Millet N, Fernandez-Aranda F, et al. Transgender and anxiety: A comparative study between transgender people and the general population. International Journal of Transgenderism. 2017 Jan 2;18(1):16-26. doi.org/10.1080/15532739.2016.1258352

Denison E, Bevan N, Jeanes R. Reviewing evidence of LGBTQ+ discrimination and exclusion in sport. Sport Management Review. 2021 May 27;24(3): 389-409.doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2020.09.003

Jones BA, Arcelus J, Bouman WP, Haycraft E. Sport and Transgender People: A Systematic Review of the Literature Relating to Sport Participation and Competitive Sport Policies. Sports Med. 2017 Apr;47(4):701-716. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0621-y.

Sykes H. Transsexual and transgender policies in sport. Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal. 2006 Apr 1;15(1): 3.doi.org/10.1123/wspaj.15.1.3

Storr R, Nicholas L, Robinson K, Davies C. ‘Game to play?’: barriers and facilitators to sexuality and gender diverse young people's participation in sport and physical activity. Sport, Education and Society. 2021 Mar 17:1-4. doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2021.1897561

Hartmann-Tews I, Menzel T, Braumüller B. Homo-and transnegativity in sport in Europe: Experiences of LGBT+ individuals in various sport settings. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 2021 Nov;56(7):997-1016. doi.org/10.1177/1012690220968108

López-Cañada E, Devis-Devis J, Pereira-Garcia S, Perez-Samaniego V. Socio-ecological analysis of trans people’s participation in physical activity and sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 2021 Feb;56(1):62-80. doi.org/10.1177/1012690219887174

Caudwell J. Queering Indoor Swimming in the UK: Transgender and Non-binary wellbeing. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. 2021 Nov 15: 01937235211043648.doi.org/10.1177/01937235211043648

Tobias NN. Speaking out: Transgender experience in the gay community. California State University, Long Beach; 2003.

Westbrook L, Schilt K. Doing gender, determining gender: Transgender people, gender panics, and the maintenance of the sex/gender/sexuality system. Gender & society. 2014 Feb;28(1):32-57.doi.org/10.1177/0891243213503203

Kosciw JG, Greytak EA, Bartkiewicz MJ, Boesen MJ, Palmer NA. The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation's schools. Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN). 121 West 27th Street Suite 804, New York, NY 10001; 2012.

Mason-Schrock D. Transsexuals' narrative construction of the" true self". Social Psychology Quarterly. 1996 Sep 1: 176-92.doi.org/10.2307/2787018

Boyd NA. 2. Lesbian Space, Lesbian Territory: San Francisco’s North Beach District, 1933–1954. In Wide-Open Town 2003 May 23 (pp. 68-101). University of California Press.doi.org/10.1525/9780520938748

Butler J. Against proper objects: Introduction. Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 1994;6(2): 3.doi.org/10.1215/10407391-6-2-3-1

Denison E, Bevan N, Jeanes R. Reviewing evidence of LGBTQ+ discrimination and exclusion in sport. Sport Management Review. 2021 May 27;24(3): 389-409.doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2020.09.003

Melton E, Cunningham G. When identities collide. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education. 2012 Apr 1;6(1):45-66. doi.org/10.1179/ssa.2012.6.1.45.

Meyerowitz J. How sex changed: A history of transsexuality in the United States. Harvard University Press; 2004.

Downloads

Published

2022-05-31

How to Cite

Jamil , M. ., Qureshi, A., Zafar Iqbal, M. ., Bhatti, S. ., Waqas, M. ., Aslam, S. ., Rafiq Qambrani , M. ., Akram Ansari , M. ., & Ali Soomro , J. . (2022). Factors Responsible for Non Participation in Sports Among Transgender. A Cross Sectional Approach: Factors Responsible for Non Participation in Sports Among Transgender. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(5), 200–204. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i5.409

Issue

Section

Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)