Frequency and Psychosocial Determinants of Gender Discrimination Regarding Food Distribution among Families

Gender discrimination regarding food distribution among families


  • Sami Ullah Mumtaz North Medical Ward, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Somia Iqtadar North Medical Ward, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Kalim Akther Department of Pediatric Medicine, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zafar Niaz North Medical Ward, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tayyeba Komal Department of Pathology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sajid AbaidUllah North Medical Ward, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan



Due to male dominance in society as well as in households, the rights of females are ignored. Hence, there exists gender discrimination while giving food to family members which in turn results in poor health status for females. Therefore, it is important to explore the causes of this unequal distribution of food among family members Objective: To determine psychosocial factors causing gender discrimination regarding food distribution among families Methods: Data collected from fifty females aged 15-80 years, selected from the urban community using non-probability consecutive sampling, were used for analysis. Females with malnutrition, psychological disorders, with laparotomy and major surgery were excluded. Gender discrimination was assessed as males or male children were preferred for better and more food items like fresh food, meat, fruits, milk, dairy products and multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to see the impact selected factors on gender discrimination Results: The large family size (> 6 members) showed significantly higher odds of discrimination (OR=3.89; 95% CI= 1.03-15.26) than smaller families. The odds of food discrimination were 4 times more for the families, with males being earning hand (OR=4.57; 95% CI= 1.19-18.31). Similarly, there exist higher odds of gender discrimination in low-income families (OR=5.10; 95% CI= 1.18-23.87). While maternal education reduces the chances of food discrimination (OR=0.10; 95% CI= 0.02-0.42)  Conclusions: Psychosocial factors such as large family size, low monthly income, males being earning hand and maternal education were found to be associated with gender discrimination regarding food distribution among family members.


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DOI: 10.52229/pbmj.v2i1.30
Published: 2019-06-30

How to Cite

Mumtaz, S. U., Iqtadar, S. ., Akther, M. K. ., Niaz, Z. ., Komal, T. ., & AbaidUllah, S. (2019). Frequency and Psychosocial Determinants of Gender Discrimination Regarding Food Distribution among Families: Gender discrimination regarding food distribution among families. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 2(1).



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