Undernutrition with Special Reference to Iron-deficiency Anemia in Reproductive Age Group Females in Pakistan

Iron-deficiency Anemia in Reproductive Age group Females


  • Rozina Shahadat Khan Specialized Health Care Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Huma Bader Ul Ain University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tabussam Tufail University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Imran Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Narowal, Narowal, Pakistan
  • Sahar Imran University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sunair Siddique khan Coventry University, United Kingdom
  • Romaisa Siddique LSE
  • Faiz Rasool Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, GAIN
  • Saira Ahmad University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Habib-Ur Rehman University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan




Anemia, Undernutrition, Iron Deficiency, Reproductive Age, Females


Undernutrition, especially micronutrient deficiency is one of the major but least addressed Global health issues. Globally 22% of maternal deaths and 24% of perinatal deaths account for Iron deficiency Anemia. One-fifth of females in Pakistan are suffering from anemia. It accounts for 19.3% of births of newborns that are small for their gestational age and 25% of babies born with low birth weight in Pakistan. Reproductive age group females’ especially pregnant females of the underprivileged rural populations are more prone to develop iron deficiency due to increased physiological requirements or administration of substances acting as inhibitors. But increased usage of substances that act as adjutants can fulfill the physiological requirements of pregnancy. This review aims to explain the roles of different Nutraceuticals in the prevention of iron deficiency anemia, especially in reproductive age group pregnant females.



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How to Cite

Shahadat Khan, R. ., Bader Ul Ain, H. ., Tufail, T., Imran, M. ., Imran, S. ., Siddique khan, S. ., Siddique, R. ., Rasool, F. ., Ahmad, S. ., & Rehman, H.-U. (2022). Undernutrition with Special Reference to Iron-deficiency Anemia in Reproductive Age Group Females in Pakistan: Iron-deficiency Anemia in Reproductive Age group Females. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(5), 21–28. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i5.412



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