Determination of Human Stature from Foot Dimensions in Peshawar

Determination of Human Stature from Foot Dimensions


  • Zahid Sarfaraz Khan Department of Anatomy, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar
  • Fatima Daud Department of Anatomy, Pak International Medical College, Peshawar
  • Syed Abdul Basit Department of Anatomy, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar
  • Syeda Gulrukh Saba Shah Anatomy Department and Modular Coordinator DME, Kabir Medical College, Gandara University, Peshawar
  • Wajahat Hassan Department of Anatomy, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar
  • Hina Mir Department of Biochemistry, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sudhair Abbas Bangash Faculty of Life Science, Department of Pharmacy, Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sohail Afzal Department of Life Sciences, School of Science, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan
  • Irfan Ullah Department of Life Sciences, School of Science, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan



Foot Dimensions, Formulae, Regression, Stature, Peshawar


One of the accepted methods for identifying unknown individuals is estimating their Stature from the body components and remnants. Objective: To establish regression formulas for determining stature from foot dimensions in Peshawar. Methods:  The study was carried out in Jinnah medical college Peshawar from March 2021 to August 2021 consisting of 62 males and 72 females a total number of individuals was 135, and the age range was between 17 to 55 years. Age, Stature, Foot length, and the width was measured. Results: The stature, foot width, mean age, and foot length were 30.23, 1835.248.11 mm, FL=272.553.20 mm, FW = 85.00 1.0 mm for males and for females 28.05, 1734.556.52 mm, FL = 234.67 2.08 mm, FW = 77.11 0.64 mm. Males stature (r = 0.70, p 0.01) had the highest correlation with foot length (r = 0.61, p 0.01) than females (r = 0.61, p 0.01). The female’s regression formula for stature is St =3.428 FL+1120 and Stature =3.538+1522.2 while for male it was St = Stature = 4.2129 FL +100.52 and Stature 5.2106 FW +1686.4. Conclusions: For determining stature, the foot length is more reliable. in Peshawar Pakistan.


Malik AR, Akhter N, Ali R, Aziz K. A Study n Estimation of Stature from Foot Length: A Study on Estimation of Stature from Foot Length. The Professional Medical Journal. 2015 May 10;22(05):632-9.

Moorthy TN, Mostapa AM, Boominathan R, Raman N. Stature estimation from footprint measurements in Indian Tamils by regression analysis. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2014 Mar 1;4(1):7-16.

Iqbal MS, Muthanna FM, Kassab YW, Hassali MA, Al-Saikhan FI, Iqbal MZ et al. Determinants of health-related quality of life among warfarin patients in Pakistan. PloS one. 2020 Jun 17;15(6):e0234734.

Sarma A, Das GC, Barman B, Patowary AJ, Ropmay AD, Boruah P et al. An Anatomical Study on the Measurement of Stature From Ulnar Length in the Adult Ethnic Khasi Tribal Population of the North Eastern Region of India. Cureus. 2022 Feb 10;14(2):e22088. doi: 10.7759/cureus.22088.

Muthanna FM, Karuppannan M, Hassan BA, Mohammed AH. Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Anaemia Severity among Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy in Malaysia. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy. 2020;11(12):2405-11.

FULLY G. New method of determination of the height. Ann Med Leg Criminol Police Sci Toxicol. 1956 Sep-Oct;36(5):266-73.

Pearson K. IV. Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution.—V. On the reconstruction of the stature of prehistoric races. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical or Physical Character. 1899 Dec 31(192):169-244.

8. Mahakizadeh S, Moghani-Ghoroghi F, Moshkdanian G, Mokhtari T, Hassanzadeh GJFsi. The determination of correlation between stature and upper limb and hand measurements in Iranian adults. 2016;260:27-30.

Kassab YW, Ali AY, Muthanna FM, Al Dahoul HK, Salah M, Ayad GS et al. The Incidence of Serious Infections among Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients using Biological Agents. Orthopedics and Rheumatology Open Access Journals. 2019;14(3):58-64.

Asghar MJ, Butt M, Akbar A, Azam H, Zahra I, Waseem MS et al. Stature prediction of punjab population (Pakistan) from hand, forearm and foot measurements. Biological and Clinical Sciences Research Journal. 2021 Mar 3;2021(1).

Manzoor M, Khan MZ, Sarwar A, Daud F, Mir H, Tahreem B et al. Comparison of p16 with human papillomavirus with oral squamous cell carcinoma and oral premalignant lesion: Human Papillomavirus with Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Pakistan BioMedical Journal. 2021 Dec 30;4(2):287-91.

Islam K, Arshad M. Anthropometric Characteristics of Urban and Rural School Girls of District Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan. Shield: Research Journal of Physical Education & Sports Science. 2019 Jan 1;14.

Oghenemavwe LE, Egwede OB. Estimation of Living Stature from Foot Dimensions in Uturu Indigenes of Abia State, Nigeria. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. 2022 Feb 10;4(1):67-71.

Dupertuis CW, Hadden JA Jr. On the reconstruction of stature from long bones. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1951 Mar;9(1):15-53. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330090104.

Anwar F, Alimgeer KS, Kumar R, Somrongthong R. Comparing Log-based and Exponent-based Functions to Predict Human Height by Foot Length. International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine. 2021;11(2):30902-.DOI: 10.32598/ijmtfm.v11i2.30902.

Hashim A, Ahmad A, Hanif A, Sarmad S, Sharif F. Load Distribution Between Right and Left Foot by Using Podata Postural Stabilometric Footplate in Undergraduate Students of Pakistan. 2020.

Ibeabuchi NM, Okubike EA, Olabiyi OA, Nandi ME. Predictive equations and multiplication factors for stature estimation using foot dimensions of an adult Nigerian population. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2018 Dec;8(1):1-2.

Manzoor M, Ahmad B, Sarwar A, Khan M, Mir H, Awais M et al. Epidemiological And Histopathologic Study Of Rhabdomyosarcoma cases in a tertiary Care hospital of Peshawar: Epidemiological and Histopathologic Study of Rhabdomyosarcoma Cases. Pakistan BioMedical Journal. 2021 Dec 29;4(2):292-6.

Obikili EN, Didia BC. Foot dimensions of a young adult Nigerian population. Port Harcourt Medical Journal. 2006;1(1):22-4. DOI: 10.4314/phmedj.v1i1.38844.

Dhaneria V, Shrivastava M, Mathur RK, Goyal S. Estimation of height from measurement of foot breadth and foot length in adult population of Rajasthan. Journal of the Anatomical Society of India. 2016;2(65):S66. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasi.2016.08.212.

Saharan RA, Arun M. Stature estimation from foot anthropometry in individuals above 18 years belonging to Indian demography. J Med Sci Health. 2015;1(2):25-9.




How to Cite

Sarfaraz Khan, Z. ., Daud, F. ., Abdul Basit, S. ., Saba Shah, S. G. ., Hassan, W. ., Mir, H. ., Abbas Bangash, S., Sohail Afzal, M. ., & Ullah, I. . (2022). Determination of Human Stature from Foot Dimensions in Peshawar: Determination of Human Stature from Foot Dimensions. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(5), 172–175.



Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)