Effect Of Speech Therapy in Children with Cochlar Implant
Speech Therapy in Children with Cochlear Implant
Keywords:Cochlear Implant, Verbal Communication, Speech Intelligibility
Hearing loss is the absence or difficulty in hearing. And its levels range from mild severe to profound while the term deafness is used for the person who cannot hear it. Objective: To determine the effect of speech therapy in children with cochlear implant. Methods: This descriptive study was carried out at Fatima Memorial College Medicine and Dentistry, from 1st October 2021 to December 2021 to determine the effect of speech therapy in children with cochlear implant. For this purpose a total of 30 children who were implanted and receiving speech therapy were evaluated. Effect of speech therapy was determined by collecting data from the parents of cochlear implant children by using a questionnaire. The questionnaire constituted the receptive and expressive language measures that determine the effect of speech therapy. Questionnaire which was used as data collecting instrument that was designed by expert opinion and literature review. Results: Result indicated that out of 30 children who were implanted and receiving speech therapy, 30 (100%) were communicating verbally using word phrase and sentence. These findings suggested that children with cochlear implant were communicating verbally instead of sign language or gestural mode of communication and improved intelligibility. Conclusions: It is concluded that speech therapy is effective in children with cochlear implant
Wake M, Poulakis Z, Hughes EK, Carey-Sargeant C, Rickards FW. Hearing impairment: a population study of age at diagnosis, severity, and language outcomes at 7-8 years. Arch Dis Child. 2005 Mar;90(3):238-44. doi: 10.1136/adc.2003.039354.
Stapells DR, Oates P. Estimation of the pure-tone audiogram by the auditory brainstem response: a review. Audiol Neurootol. 1997 Sep-Oct;2(5):257-80. doi: 10.1159/000259252.
Johnston T. W(h)ither the deaf community? Population, genetics, and the future of Australian sign language. Am Ann Deaf. 2004 Winter;148(5):358-75. doi: 10.1353/aad.2004.0004.
Stokoe WC. Language in hand: Why sign came before speech. Gallaudet University Press; 2001.
Lim SY, Simser J. Auditory-verbal therapy for children with hearing impairment. Ann Acad Med Singap. 2005 May;34(4):307-12.
Shivaprakash S, Castro NO. Performance of hearing-impaired children with hearing aid and cochlear implant in auditory verbal therapy. Scholarly Journal of Otolaryngology. 2019 Jun 13;2(3):10-32474. doi: 10.32474/SJO.2019.02.000140.
Bates E, Camaioni L, Volterra V. The acquisition of performatives prior to speech. Merrill-Palmer quarterly of behavior and development. 1975 Jul 1;21(3):205-26.
Niparko JK, Tobey EA, Thal DJ, Eisenberg LS, Wang NY, Quittner AL et al. Spoken language development in children following cochlear implantation. JAMA. 2010 Apr 21;303(15):1498-506. doi: 10.1001/jama.2010.451.
Peterson NR, Pisoni DB, Miyamoto RT. Cochlear implants and spoken language processing abilities: review and assessment of the literature. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2010;28(2):237-50. doi: 10.3233/RNN-2010-0535.
Davis A, Bamford J, Wilson I, Ramkalawan T, Forshaw M, Wright S. A critical review of the role of neonatal hearing screening in the detection of congenital hearing impairment. Health Technol Assess. 1997;1(10):i-iv, 1-176.
Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. Year 2000 position statement: principles and guidelines for early hearing detection and intervention programs. Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, American Academy of Audiology, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, and Directors of Speech and Hearing Programs in State Health and Welfare Agencies. Pediatrics. 2000 Oct;106(4):798-817. doi: 10.1542/peds.106.4.798.
Ramkalawan TW, Davis AC. The effects of hearing loss and age of intervention on some language metrics in young hearing-impaired children. Br J Audiol. 1992 Apr;26(2):97-107. doi: 10.3109/03005369209077877.
McMillan J, Jones FL. The ANU3_2 scale: a revised occupational status scale for Australia. Journal of sociology. 2000 Mar;36(1):64-80. doi.org/10.1177/144078330003600105.
Thompson DC, McPhillips H, Davis RL, Lieu TL, Homer CJ, Helfand M. Universal newborn hearing screening: summary of evidence. JAMA. 2001 Oct 24-31;286(16):2000-10. doi: 10.1001/jama.286.16.2000.
Blamey P, Barry J, Bow C, Sarant J, Paatsch L, Wales R. The development of speech production following cochlear implantation. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. 2001 Jan 1;15(5):363-82. doi.org/10.1080/02699200010017823.
Cole EB, Flexer C. Children with hearing loss: Developing listening and talking, birth to six. Plural Publishing; 2019 Jul 22.
ALANAZI M. Communicating with Deaf Students in Inclusive Schools: Insights from Saudi University Faculty. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research. 2021(95):188-209.
Hilviu D, Parola A, Vivaldo S, Di Lisi D, Consolino P, Bosco FM. Children with hearing impairment and early cochlear implant: A pragmatic assessment. Heliyon. 2021 Jun 30;7(7):e07428. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07428.
King A, Gilles D, Xu Y. Investigating caregiver coaching in an early intervention model for children with hearing loss. Early Child Development and Care. 2021 Oct 19:1-9. doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2021.1989424.
Chen PH, Lim TZ, Chang ST, Cho MY. Developing new scales for assessing parents' aural and oral rehabilitation skills to interact with children with hearing loss. Int J Audiol. 2021 Oct;60(10):797-807. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2020.1861345
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan BioMedical Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments firstname.lastname@example.org