A Cross Sectional Study to Evaluate Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females of Lahore, Pakistan

Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females


  • Tallat Anwar Faridi University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore
  • Akash John University Institute of Radiological and Medical Imaging Sciences, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus
  • Neelam Iqbal Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore
  • Arsalan Ahmed District Blood Transfusion officer, Specialized health care and medical Education department, Govt of Punjab
  • Muhammad Bakir Hussain Laboratory Incharge Horizon Hospital, Johar town, Lahore




Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble sec steroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects. The most important compounds in human are vitamin D₃ and vitamin D₂. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones, because it helps the body use calcium from the diet. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with rickets, a disease in which the bone tissue doesn't properly mineralize, leading to soft bones and skeletal deformities. A cross sectional study was conducted from 30th January 2021  to 30th June 2021 to evaluate adverse outcomes of Vitamin D level among 370 females of aged 20-60 years were recruited through non-probability convenient sampling technique from students and Faculty ofColleges and Universities in Lahore, Pakistan. The data was collected through a Semi-Structured Questionnaire.A total 370 participantswere included age groups of female ranging from 20-60. Comparing age and level of Vitamin D was more common in reproductive age of females with more association in young females of 20 to 30 years. 81.9 % participants had general awareness regarding deficiency of vitamin D. 80% People eat Vitamin D Rich Diet While only 20% use vitamin D supplements and only 41.9 % females drinks a Cup of Cow Milk. 73.8% participants had suffered weakness and general body aches and 82.2% females reported musculoskeletal pain.This studyevaluated thatMost of Educated People are unaware of Vitamin D knowledge and intake. They take insufficient amount of Vitamin D and experience discomfort in Muscoskeletal system.


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v4i2.85
Published: 2021-06-29

How to Cite

Faridi, T. A. ., John, A. ., Iqbal, N. ., Ahmed, A., & Hussain , M. B. . (2021). A Cross Sectional Study to Evaluate Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females of Lahore, Pakistan: Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v4i2.85



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