A Cross Sectional Study to Evaluate Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females of Lahore, Pakistan
Adverse Outcomes of Vitamin D Deficiency in Females
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble sec steroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects. The most important compounds in human are vitamin D₃ and vitamin D₂. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones, because it helps the body use calcium from the diet. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with rickets, a disease in which the bone tissue doesn't properly mineralize, leading to soft bones and skeletal deformities. A cross sectional study was conducted from 30th January 2021 to 30th June 2021 to evaluate adverse outcomes of Vitamin D level among 370 females of aged 20-60 years were recruited through non-probability convenient sampling technique from students and Faculty ofColleges and Universities in Lahore, Pakistan. The data was collected through a Semi-Structured Questionnaire.A total 370 participantswere included age groups of female ranging from 20-60. Comparing age and level of Vitamin D was more common in reproductive age of females with more association in young females of 20 to 30 years. 81.9 % participants had general awareness regarding deficiency of vitamin D. 80% People eat Vitamin D Rich Diet While only 20% use vitamin D supplements and only 41.9 % females drinks a Cup of Cow Milk. 73.8% participants had suffered weakness and general body aches and 82.2% females reported musculoskeletal pain.This studyevaluated thatMost of Educated People are unaware of Vitamin D knowledge and intake. They take insufficient amount of Vitamin D and experience discomfort in Muscoskeletal system.
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