Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Hypertension: Treatment and Prevention


  • Sumaira Mazhar Department of Microbiology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Uzma Rafi Department of Microbiology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Asma Noreen Department of Microbiology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan




Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disorders, Hearing Impairment, Obesity


Hypertension "the silent killer is a common and significant disorder that can lead to many health complications. World health organization (WHO) declared the hypertension as the major cause of early mortality as it is directly or indirectly associated with risks of cardiovascular disorders, stroke, angina, kidney failure, diabetes and many more. The major causes of hypertension include obesity, decrease in physical activities, smoking and alcohol consumption. High blood pressure, possibly related to the age associated with the hearing impairment because of the subsequent vasoconstriction. After arthritis and hypertension, hearing loss is one of the most continual health issues of the older persons. Demographic factors and lifestyles are usually the variable factors due to which prevalence of arterial hypertension differs worldwide. These factors include nutritional habits and physical activities. A large number of antihypertensive and lipid-lowering drugs are being used to treat hypertension but it has been proved that changes in lifestyle are an easy way to treat hypertension


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v6i04.858
Published: 2023-04-30

How to Cite

Mazhar, S. ., Rafi, U. ., & Noreen, A. (2023). Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention: Hypertension: Treatment and Prevention. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 6(04), 02–07. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v6i04.858



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