Frequency of Osteopenia and its association with Socio Economic Status among general female population aged 18-60 years

Osteopenia and Socio Economic Status


  • Sana Zahid University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tallat Anwar Faridi University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Asif Hanif University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zahid Masood Rai Medical College, Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Akash John University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Sofia Noor University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Aasia Noor Services Institute of Medical Sciences, SIMS, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Amina Noor University of The Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan



Osteopenia is regarded as the Bone Mineral Density (BMD) which is lower than that of the average value but not as low as Osteoporosis. In Pakistan, Osteoporosis and Osteopenia among women have become one of the most common problems of recent times. Objectives: To find the frequency of osteopenia among females in Faisalabad and its association with SES (Socio Economic Status). Methodology: It was an analytical and cross-sectional study which was conducted at Niaz Medicare Clinic in Faisalabad. The study was completed in 9 months from 18 October 2019 to 18 July 2020. Non probability purposive sampling was done and 323 females were taken for the study. Results: The results demonstrated that 56.3% of the population had Osteopenia. Socio Economic Status had as statistically significant association with Osteopenia (p= 0.041). The results also revealed that the females belonging to middle class and lower class had a higher prevalence of Osteopenia than the females of upper Socio Economic Status. Conclusion: the frequency of Osteopenia was fairly high among females specifically the age group 18-29 years. There was an association found between Osteopenia and Socio Economic status (p =0.041).


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How to Cite

Zahid, S. ., Faridi, T. A. ., Hanif, A. ., Masood, Z. ., John, A. ., Noor, S. ., Noor, A. ., & Noor, A. . (2021). Frequency of Osteopenia and its association with Socio Economic Status among general female population aged 18-60 years : Osteopenia and Socio Economic Status. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 4(1).



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