Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults

Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults


  • Attia Ashraf University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus
  • Akash John Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus
  • Hamna Shahzad University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus
  • Muhammad Ahmad Naeem University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus




Renal, Cyst, Ultrasound, Polycystic kidneys, Complex cyst


Renal cysts are fluid-filled pockets that develop on or inside of the kidneys. Cysts were usual and incidental findings in routine sonographic examinations of kidneys. Objective: To evaluate the location and types of renal cyst using ultrasound. Material and Method: It is a cross-sectional study conducted in 5 months from November 2021 to March 2022. A sample size of 100 was calculated using previous published related study. All adults above 20 years were included and referred to an ultrasound scan of a kidney. After informed consent data was collected and analysed on SPSS version 20. Results: According to the current study renal cysts are most prevalent at the age group of 60 to 80 years having 35(35%) followed by 40 to 60 years 33(33%). The males were more prone to develop renal cysts 55(55%) as compared to females 45(45%). Unilateral cysts were more common 60(30%) as compared to bilateral cysts 40(20%). The occurrence of renal cyst was common in right kidney 65(32.5%) as compared to left kidney 35(17.5%). The renal cysts were commonly present at Cortex 70(70%) and the most common type was simple polycystic kidneys 60(60%). Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of renal cyst is higher in old males specifically in the cortical region. Unilateral polycystic kidneys are most common.


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v5i4.344
Published: 2022-04-30

How to Cite

Ashraf, A. ., John, A. ., Shahzad, H., & Ahmad Naeem, M. . (2022). Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults: Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(4), 63–66. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i4.344



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