Evaluation of Head On Computed Tomography Among Paediatric Patients Presenting with Trauma
Paediatric Patients Presenting with Trauma
Keywords:Head, Trauma, Paediatric,Computed Tomography (CT), Skull
Unintentional falls from heights are one of the leading causes of mortality and permanent brain and bone damage in children. Objective: To evaluate the causes, symptoms, and findings of paediatric head trauma using Computed Tomography. Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Aziz Bhatti Teaching Hospital, Gujrat. The data was collected from October 2022 to December 2022 for the duration of 4 months. A sample size of 120 patients has been calculated via a convenient sampling technique using a mean approach from previous related articles. Patients with falls from height in paediatric age 0-12 were included in the study while children elder than 12 were excluded from the study. The equipment used for the study was CT scan machine-64 helical. The data were entered and analyzed with the help of SPSS version 20.0. Results: Out of 120 patients, most of the patients were in the age group of >1-5years 72(60.0%), 78(65.0%) patients were male while females were 42(35.0%). The most common finding on CT with a history of falls from height is noted to be skull fracture 51(42.5%). 84(70.0%) patients fall from the height of >6 and <15feet and the most common clinical finding in patients was pain 52(43.3%), followed by bleeding 41(34.2%). Conclusion: In conclusion, most of children between the age of 1-5years experience fall from a height of >6 feet to <15feet. Skull fracture is the most common diagnosis. CT is an accurate and reliable tool for diagnosing injuries in patients who fall from heights.
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